POSITIVE RESULTS OF TRAINING
Training includes all aspects of communication of the dog with the owner’s family members and other people. Possession of a well-mannered and obedient dog has many benefits.
• Training strengthens the relationship of the owner and the dog. It subtly and effectively puts the owner in the position of the leader of a pack, easily creates a sense of social hierarchy. Since the life in the pack is of great importance for the beagles it is important that they understand their place in it and respect your leadership position.
• Training facilitates communication between you and your dog, establish mutual understanding and strengthen mutual respect. Calm and kind management, the insistence in that the rules are to be followed help the dog feel confident and secure.
• Training in obedience can save the life of your dog. Having taught your dog basic commands to perform you can instantly control its actions in an emergency. Having taught your dog to execute such commands as "Come here. Sit. Leave it. " you can prevent an enormous amount of potentially dangerous tragic situations. Well-trained Beagle understands the limits of the permissible, does not suffer from boredom and has a lower probability of falling into dangerous situation. It also feels more comfortable when you observe any part of its body and allows you to inspect the wound or apply different medications.
• The process of training should trigger positive emotions for both the beagle and the owner. The process of learning basic commands will enrich your relationship and lay the foundation for possible involvement in more advanced activities such as competitions in obedience, competitions in agility, hunting competitions or dog shows.
The Primary Training
Basically, a specialist is to be engaged in training. He will tell you how to find common ground with the dog and how to enforce commands.
Herein bellow we describe the basic commands and how you yourself can teach your dog to carry them out.
Training dogs is a tedious and rather complicated work. But first and foremost it requires a love for the animal and then patience and perseverance. The dog always feels the love and respond to it by its willingness to follow orders the owner. After all they are very loyal and smart.
Executing The Command "Heel"
The dog having received the order must go next to the master not only directly but when turning, changing the tempo of the movement, stand at stops. This skill is being worked out as follows.
Take your dog on a short leash with your left hand holding the leash close to the collar, free leash part take in the right hand. The dog is at the left leg. Pronounce command "Heel" and walk allowing the dog to go ahead, behind, aside.
As soon as the dog is ahead of you say strictly "heel" and pull the leash back so that the dog is at your left leg. If the dog understands you correctly you should pat her with your left hand, give treats and say "Good. Heel". Act the same way if the dog went aside or behind.
To test how the lesson is learned you need to capture the moment when the dog went forward or backward, and without pulling the leash give the command "Heel". If the dog itself will take place at your left leg then you are on the right way.
Then it is necessary to make the task more complicated pronouncing the command "Heel" during cornering, acceleration motion, slowing down, moving to run. Then you are to work out the same without a leash. At first quietly put the leash on the ground and then detach it from the collar. But you can give up training with the leash only upon the receipt of a solid mastering. It is recommended to use the method of contrast effect – first, pronounce the command "Heel" by threatening voice and if it is executed – stroke the dog, say approval "good" and give treats.
Application of strict collar will accelerate the training of large strong dogs. Force of leash jerk should be balanced against the size and weight of the dog. It is important to establish contact with the animal so that it executes the command at all times.
Executing The Command "Come"
The command "Come" should not be associated with something unpleasant for the dog not work out fears. If the dog runs free and comes to you on command do not try to immediately fasten the leash. On the contrary, encourage a delicacy, stroke, and after some time release for a walk. In the beginning the dog should not be punished for bad execution of the command and comes not at once.
Skill "Come" is being worked out as follows.
Release the dog on a long leash at some distance from you and uttering the name of the dog calmly give the command "Come" while showing treats in the hand.
If the dog comes it should be encouraged. If the dog is distracted it is necessary to apply the slack leash jerk. If it comes sluggishly – cheer it up by your actions pretending that you run away. In any case when it comes be sure to say repeatedly "Come. Good," and give treats.
As the training advances you should unleash the dog and complicate the situation by giving the command during the game, for example.
Advancing further the command "Come" should be linked to a gesture – right hand outstretched to the side at shoulder level, quickly drop down to the hip. After several repetitions the dog will come on a command by gesture.
The command is considered to be worked out when by the voice or gesture command the dog comes at once and sits at your left leg.
Executing The Command "Sit"
Dog control at a distance should be trained in two stages – first the dog executes commands being close to you and on a leash, and when the lesson is learned the commands are to be given from a distance by voice and gesture.
The command "Sit" is being worked out as follows.
Place the dog on a short leash on the left from you and then command half-turned to it. At the same time pull the leash up and back by your right hand and press the croup by your left hand. The dog sits down. If it tries to stand up repeat the command "Sit" strongly pressing down the croup. Encourage proper sit with treats.
You can also work out the implementation of this command with the help of treats. Show treats in your right hand to the dog and raise your hand with treats back over its head. The dog follows the hand, raises its head up and sits down involuntarily. Help it to sit down pressing the croup by left hand.
Further, sit the dog, go away from it repeating the command when it tries to change the position. Controlling the animal from the distance along with the command "Sit" lift your right arm bent at the elbow at a right angle palm forward at the level of the shoulder.
Executing The Command "Down"
Initial position : dog sits at the master’s left leg on a leash.
Turning to the dog go down on your right knee, pronounce the command while pressing withers by the left hand and gently pulling the leash forward down. Stretching out for treats the animal lies down.
Keep the dog lying down with your left hand repeating "Good. Down," Give treats when the command is executed.
Once the dog has learned to lie by the master’s left leg on command you should start to practice self-control. Give the command "Down" and slowly move away. After each attempt of the animal to stand or sit repeat the command "Down" and lay it. Each execution of the command should be encouraged. The gesture for stacking – right arm stretched forward, palm down.
Executing The Command "Stay"
When cleaning a dog or during veterinary inspection it is required that it stays for some time without changing position. You are to work out the command "Stay". Give the command to a dog sitting on your left and simultaneously slack leash forward and upward with your right hand and push the dog's stomach with your left hand as if lifting him. Hold it awhile on its feet repeating "Good. Stay." give treats.
Executing the command the dog must not shift the legs forward. Let it stand still. Just as in the methods of "Sit" and "Down" it is necessary to secure the command "Stay" by practicing self-control and then to begin to manage from a distance by voice and gesture.
Executing The Command "Place"
Being at a distance from you the dog often breaks away and comes. But it must be returned to the place by the command.
Give the command, lay down the animal and leave a rug and its toy next to it. Slowly move away until the dog will not run after you. As it runs slowly return with it to the toy left and speaking “Place. Down.” lay it down again next to the toy and walk away.
If it tries to go away from the toy give the command "Place" in a loud voice and return it. After execution of the command "Place" call the dog by the command "Come." Then by the right hand gesture in the direction of the toy left send the dog to it by the command "Place".
Executing The Command "Fetch"
The command means – take, grab, bring. This is a very important command for the dogs necessary for getting to know things, searching the area, work on the track. In your everyday life it is necessary to train the command so that dog picks up and brings a thing to the master.
Technique of the training is based on the inherent reaction to catch the moving object. As a object for training you can use a toy or a ball. Wave a toy in front of a sitting dog accompanying your actions by the command "Fetch". If it tries to grasp the object let it such an opportunity. Let it hold the object in its mouth for some time repeating "Fetch. Good". Complicate the situation, wave the toy in front of the dog and when it shows an interest in the object throw it not far away. Then by a command "Fetch" and right-hand gesture in the direction of the object send the dog to bring it back.
If the dog picks up object but does not bring it you can call it by the command "Come" or pretend that you are running away. The dog with the object will run to you.
If the dog brings object but does not return it by the command "Give" offer it treats along with the command "Give". At this moment exchange it for treats.
After some practice send the dog for an object not at once but after a pause. In the beginning after throwing an object you can give the command "Sit" and keep the dog on the leash. The command is considered to be worked out if the dog being at the left leg of the master who has thrown the object sits and then by the command "Fetch" runs for the object, return itself with it, sits to the left from the master and gives the object back by the command "Give".
Forbidding Command "Leave it"
It is very important to work this forbidding command out. The command is a must for execution as by it you can prevent or stop unwanted actions of the dog. Typically this technique is being worked out with the use of pain irritant – jerk the leash (for large dogs to wear strict collar), hit the whip on the croup. It is necessary to weight the power of impact of jerk and hit with the force of the animal.
The command is being trained during a walk. Let the dog walk on a long leash and as soon as it tries to run up barking to a stranger or to attack the animals, try to pick something off the ground (you can throw anything in advance), take treats from a stranger – give the command "Leave it" and slightly jerk the leash or hit the whip on the croup. When the command team is well-learned you can release the dog without a leash.
The "Leave it" command is used in one more case. In public transport or in a busy place the dog must be muzzled. Put it on with your right hand holding the collar by the left one. If the dog tries to put it off distract it from this strictly giving the command "Leave it".